Betaine – regulator of the homocysteine metabolismBetaine – regulator of the homocysteine metabolismBetaine (N,N,N,N-trimethylammonium acetate; also known as glycyl betaine) is a quaternary ammonium derivative of the amino acid glycine.  Beetroot and sugar beet exhibit comparably high amounts of betaine which lend the name (lat. beta vulgaris: sugar beet) to the natural substance.


Functions of betaine

  • In addition to choline and S-adenosyl methionine, betaine is an important supplier of methyl groups in the metabolism and in the conversion of homocysteine into methionine. Homocysteine is a metabolic proteolysis product which accrues in the body and damages the cell structures. Betaine in this way contributes to normal metabolism of homocysteine.


Useful information.

  • Betaine is the main determinant of the plasma homocysteine levels after the intake of food.
  • Betaine can be formed in the body out of choline.

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